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The Canadian Citizenship Act allows for four methods of becoming a citizen namely, being born in Canada, being born outside Canada to a Canadian citizen, being born outside and adopted by at least one parent who is a Canadian citizen and applying for a grant of citizenship (Naturalization).

Naturalization is the legal process that transforms a permanent resident into a Canadian Citizen. In order to be naturalized, the permanent resident must apply for a grant of citizenship. To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  1. Be admitted to Canada as a Permanent Resident
  2. Be at least 18 years old or be included with the application of a parent who is over 18 years old
  3. have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
  4. have filed your taxes, if you need to
  5. pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
  6. prove your language skills
  7. Other requirements may apply